Minor Burns

When treating first-degree burns or small second-degree burns (usually confined to an area less than three inches), start by cooling the damaged skin by running it under cool water for at least 10 minutes. Steer clear of ice or very cold water.


Cuts and Scrapes

Use gentle pressure to stop the bleeding. If the bleeding hasn’t slowed after 20 to 30 minutes of pressure, seek additional medical attention.

Clean the scrape with water, but avoid getting soap in an open wound. Apply an antibiotic (like Neosporin) and cover with a bandage.


Heat Exhaustion

Get out of the heat immediately and lay down with feet and legs elevated. Replenish fluids and place a cool cloth on the forehead or back of the neck. Make sure to monitor symptoms to ensure heat exhaustion doesn’t turn into heat stroke. Seek immediate medical attention if fainting, confusion, or high fever occurs.


Bee Stings

Assuming there isn’t an allergy to contend with, remove the stinger and apply a cold pack or cloth to reduce swelling.

Hydrocortisone or lidocaine creams can help minimize pain and itching.


Sprained Ligaments

Though sprains can be painful, they are usually minor and can be easily treated without medical intervention. The first step is to avoid putting any weight or using the affected limb.

Use ice and compression at regular intervals throughout the day and elevate the injured limb above your heart to reduce swelling.


Any Other Random Minor Accidents

Create a well-stocked first aid kit! Being prepared will save you a trip to the store and allow you to treat minor accidents without delay.

While first aid knowledge is great for treating small injuries and incidents, don’t ever hesitate to seek additional help if the situation worsens. Call your doctor, head to a hospital, or call 911.

American Heart Association